The Dark Triad – Part 3 Machiavellian
Deriving from the Italian Renaissance diplomat and writer Niccolo Machiavelli, Machiavellianism is defined as “the employment of cunning and duplicity in statecraft or in general conduct”.
For the Machiavellian, the ends justify the means, no matter what human pain he may cause. They tend to be cynically calculating and arrogant, readily behaving in ways that undermine trust and cooperation. They see others strictly as things to manipulate for their own ends.
A Machiavellian may not consider his actions to be selfish or evil; he may come up with convincing rationale, even one he believes. People like North Korea’s Kim Jong-il, for example, may justify his tyranny as needed to protect the state from some sinister enemy, even if only a concocted one.
Some talents of the “Mach” (shorthand) are glib charm and confidence. They can remain coolheaded in their social interactions, but are uninterested in establishing emotional connections.
Although the Mach shares many traits with Narcissists and Psychopaths such as disagreeable nature and selfishness, he stands alone in his ability to remain realistic about himself and others, neither making
inflated claims nor striving to impress. The Mach prefers to see things clearly, all the better to exploit them.
Daniel Goleman, in his book Social Intelligence, describes Machs as having tunnel-vision empathy: they can bring someone’s emotions into focus mainly when they wish to use that person for their own ends. Otherwise, Machs are generally poorer at empathetic attunement than others. The coldness of the Mach seems to result from this core deficit in processing emotions – both in themselves and in others.